Everything You Need to Know About Periodontal Disease

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  • Gum disease is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide.
  • Causes of gum disease can include poor oral hygiene, tooth loss, smoking and certain medications.
  • Symptoms of gum disease include swollen gums, bleeding gums, bad breath and receding gum lines.
  • Preventing gum disease is possible with proper oral hygiene habits, such as brushing twice a day and flossing daily.
  • Visiting your dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups is also important for detecting any problems before they become severe.

You might think brushing your teeth and flossing daily is enough to keep your mouth healthy. But did you know there’s more to oral hygiene than just those habits? Gum disease is a prominent oral condition that affects millions of people worldwide.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), nearly half of all adults in the United States have some form of gum disease. Worldwide, it is estimated that more than 80% of people suffer from periodontal diseases at one point or another during their lifetime. While it is most common among older adults, gum disease can also affect young people and is often linked to poor oral hygiene habits.

Causes of Gum Disease

A buildup of plaque and bacteria often causes gum disease, and if left unchecked, it can lead to serious health problems. But what exactly causes gum disease? Here are a few:

Poor Oral Hygiene

The most common cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene. Plaque can accumulate around your teeth and gums if you don’t brush and floss regularly, and this plaque can contain harmful bacteria that can cause inflammation and infection in your gums. Over time, this can lead to gum disease. To protect your gums, brush twice a day and floss daily.

Tooth Loss

In some cases, tooth loss can lead to gum disease. If you are missing teeth, the surrounding gums may be stretched out or weakened, which makes them more vulnerable to infection. To avoid this, it is essential to go to the dentist and determine the best replacement for missing teeth. Your dentist may recommend dental implants, dentures, or bridges, depending on the number and location of your missing teeth.


Shirtless Man Smoking a Cigarette

In addition to causing lung cancer and other health problems, smoking can also increase your risk of gum disease. Tobacco use weakens your immune system, making it harder for your body to fight infections in your gums.

Smoking also reduces blood flow to your gums, leading to infections and other problems. If you want to keep your gums healthy, quitting smoking or avoiding tobacco altogether is best.


Certain medications can also increase your risk of gum disease. For example, some drugs used to treat high blood pressure and heart disease can cause dry mouth, increasing plaque and bacteria in your mouth.

Other medications, such as antidepressants and antihistamines, can cause gum inflammation and bleeding. If you take any medications, talk to your dentist or doctor about how they might affect your gums.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Ensuring well-being and maintaining good oral hygiene are crucial for living a healthy life. Gum disease is an oral health condition many people suffer from, and it can result in severe dental problems if left untreated. The symptoms of gum disease can range from mild to severe, including swollen gums, bleeding gums, constant bad breath, and receding gum lines. One may also experience loose teeth or tooth loss in some cases.

The condition can negatively affect one’s overall quality of life, making eating, chewing, or speaking difficult. It is crucial to take note of these symptoms and seek professional dental treatment immediately if you experience any of them. Early detection of gum disease significantly improves your chances of successful recovery.

Preventing Gum Diseasewoman brushing her teeth

Preventing gum disease is relatively easy if you follow proper oral hygiene practices. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash can help remove plaque and bacteria from your mouth.

Eating a healthy diet and avoiding sugary and acidic foods can also help keep your gums and teeth healthy. Visiting your dentist regularly for cleanings and checkups can also help detect problems before they become severe.

The Bottom Line

Gum disease is a common problem affecting millions, but it can be prevented with proper oral hygiene. Brushing your teeth at least twice a day, flossing daily, eating a healthy diet, and visiting your dentist regularly can all help keep your teeth and gums healthy. If you experience any signs of gum disease, contact your dentist immediately for treatment. Remember, prevention is always better than cure, and keeping your teeth and gums healthy is the key to a happy and healthy smile.

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